Politico: Europe is not ready for a warmer world

Η Europe She wasn’t prepared for the excessive heat that met him Infernal Julynotes in his article Politico.

This is obvious, it emphasizes, from the number of dead people wave καύσωνα So far – with more than 2,000 people known to have died in Spain and Portugal, the number is expected to rise when data is released in France, Britain, Belgium and the Netherlands, as well as from much of Central and Eastern Europe. Eastern Europe, where η ζέστη παρεμείνε και αυτό το Σαββατοκύριακο.

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Η ανετομεία της Επανεικε και της τεράστιες φλόγες έσπαλοχεις στη France, Spain, την Ελλάδα και την την Portugal last week and, instead of developing additional firefighting aircraft, the European Union is discussing their purchase.

It could also be seen in the impact that the heatwave had on the entire economy – with energy, transport and technological infrastructure struggling to function at temperatures exceeding 40 degrees Celsius.

As temperatures broke all-time records on the European continent, including the United Kingdom, climate scientists warned that this is not a strange event: Such extremes and even higher temperatures will return more and more often due to climate change, they warned.

If the severity of the disease is new, the reaction and the precautions that governments take – or don’t take – for extreme heat can determine how many will die, as well as the level of disruption to society and the economy, notes Politico.

«Άδικα χαμένες οι ζωές που χάνονται από τους καύσωνες»

“The issue is really how we deal with it,” said Maarten van Aalst, director of the Red Cross Climate Center and member of the EU’s Scientific Council on Climate Change. «Κατά να καύμο προμένο, τους οι συντρος ζωές που χάνονται το των κυμάτων καύσωνα είναι το ζωές που πεν Αδικα χαμένες».

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At the highest level, European governments simply fail to plan adequately for a warmer planet. All EU countries have drawn up national plans for how they will deal with climate change. However, they are often inadequately designed and without funding.

According to EU legislation, each country member is required to report how much they spend on so-called «climate adaptation» – both overall and per sector.

Politico’s analysis of their reports shows that 20 of the 27 countries either provide limited or no details on their spending plans.

“They don’t have it”, said Wouter Vanneuville, expert on adaptation to climate change at the European Environment Agency (EEA).

Αντιμετώπιση καταστροφών

Η ζέστη είναι η πιο θανατηφόρα natural disaster στην Επόροπα. Τις in the last four decades, a number of 76.000 to και 128.000 people έχασαν τη ζωή τους από γιαματα καύσωνα, according to EEA data shared with Politico.

However, the largest number of deaths due to colds, in recent decades, was not recorded in typically warm Spain or Italy, but in Germany, which highlights the role played by local policies and preparedness levels.

According to the World Health Organization, less than half of the 27 EU countries have action plans to manage the effects of extreme heat stress on health – and of those that do, more than half are not adequately funded.

Europe’s catastrophic antipyretic period

The EU antipyretic period so far has been recorded as the most catastrophic since 2017.

It should be noted that 2017 was the worst antipyretic period since the beginning of the registration of the European System of Fire Information (EFFIS), in 2000!

And yet, German bureaucracy is worse than Greek!

Five years after the German Ministry of the Environment asked for local action plans for heat, a survey of 300 German regional authorities by the newspaper Die Zeit found that 80% had no prototypes.

The country is also not ready to deal with forest fires, at the rate and scale that are now ravaging vast stretches of land. 11 fires broke out in four days alone in the Northern Ερηνανίας-Βεστφαλίας state.

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Even when fire fighters are struggling with a complicated web, Ulrich Cimolino said.

The heads of the houses must ask for fire helicopters from the local administration center, which must ask from the regional government, which must ask the federal Ministry of the Interior, which then checks whether regional or federal police pilots are available. στρατού για να πετάξόν.

Και στε στε το Politico: «Συγκρίνετε αυτό with Ελλάδαwhere the authorities sent 15 aircraft this week to destroy the flames in the area of ​​Athens, within 26 minutes of detecting the fire, as reported by the newspaper Kathimerini.

Economic impact

The motivation to adapt to higher temperatures is also economic. In many parts of Europe, the wave will destroy critical infrastructure due to high temperatures.

In London, the airport of Λούτον was forced to suspend flights after damage to the runway due to ζΕστης. A large part of the railway network of the United Kingdom was closed.

In the Netherlands, Άμστερνταμ resorted to spraying water on its bridges to keep them functional, while in Italy the motorway and railway lines, which connect Τεργέστη with the rest of the country, had to be closed as large fires broke out in the area.

In France and Belgium, nuclear plants stopped or limited their operation as the cooling water became too hot.

Even though ο κιβερνοχώρος is not immune Both Google and Oracle’s cloud department suffered «losses» of cooling units in the United Kingdom last week – with Oracle pointing out that the reason was «high temperatures for the season».

Europe’s data centers, which power all kinds of daily Internet activity, are hard to keep cool at the best of times. This is one of the reasons why the data centers of some of the largest technology companies are located in northern climates and especially near water sources that can be used to cool the servers.

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Adaptation of infrastructure and cities, so that they become heat-resistant, will also have high costs.

Most homes in Northern Europe are built to retain rather than dissipate heat and usually do not have air conditioning units, which means that converting them will require extensive renovations.

Spanish houses are air-conditioned about four times longer than French ones. Estimates in the United Kingdom range from 1-5% of homes.

Cities also tend to be designed without taking into account how heat can be trapped when the humidity rises to extreme levels, creating the phenomenon of a «heat island».

Coping with a warmer future will mean greening trees, adapting building regulations and investing in materials that can withstand heat and cold.

Αλλαγή νοοτροπίας

The last word of preparation is on the minds of Europeans, concludes the Politico article.

Even when the meteorological services issued more and more alarming warnings about the risk of record-breaking heat, many people prepared their weather forecasters, ready for summer fun.

It’s a «γρίφο», said ο van Aalst, because η ζέστη is manageable for most people. «Μπορουμεν να γελάσουμεμε με την ίδεια κοτι μια περισσότερα στην στην περισσότερα is a dangerous phenomenon. But these are the real effects, which we just saw in our countries», as he said.

In Germany, even structures responsible for vulnerable people, such as care institutions and kindergartens, often do not treat high temperatures as a threat.

Last week in Βαυαρία, where no local administration has drawn up an action plan για τή ζέστη, «στους 36 degrees Celsius, τα τα στους στος της και και και και και εκπλήσσονται και μετα εκπλήσσονται και του τα τα καρρρέων και της της συμμαχία για την Κέλσίου. Climate and Health.

«We do not yet have this social reflex, to recognize the danger of ζέστης», επισήμανε.

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