Elias Mocialos explains how Omigron affects children

Omigran mutation is estimated to cause less serious disease in infected children Professor Elias Mosialos By a post on Facebook.

He goes on to elaborate:

“Many parents are worried about their children getting the Omigran variant because they are too young (under the age of 5) to be vaccinated or because parents read that many who have been vaccinated may also get sick if they get the Omigran.

First, let’s make it clear that just because a micron is vaccinated does not mean it will develop into a serious disease. This is shown by the epidemiological data of countries where the Omigron variant was previously widely distributed. The vast majority of those receiving the disease have mild symptoms, while a significant percentage (30% based on studies in South Africa) are asymptomatic.

But let’s look at the evidence for its micron impact in children. You may have noticed that many countries report that children are getting more treatment because of the micron spread, compared to the delta variant. Evidence suggests that children may also be admitted to the hospital.

However, analysis of British data and comparisons with previous variants shows that micronutrients are less likely to cause serious illness in children. This is further supported by the new South African analysis of childcare (doi.org/10.1101/2021.12.21.21268108).

Perhaps it would be better to explain the difference in the size of the import. That is, it makes sense to have a large number of imports because of the very high number of infections, due to the very high spreadability of the micron. In other words, the increase in enrollment describes the current burden on hospitals and the need to admit children to the hospital with severe symptoms.

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I would also like to remind you that children under the age of 12 are not vaccinated in both the UK and South Africa. At the same time, it should not be forgotten that very young children are exposed to a very small number of infections. Therefore, they do not even have high rates of cross-immunoprotection from previous infections with other types of corona virus.

It has also not been confirmed that the micron variant can cause more severe symptoms in children compared to previous types. But looking at the admissions data, most of the children admitted to the hospital were not as seriously ill as those admitted during the previous waves.

But what do we know about the number, severity, and hospitalization of children with migraine?

An analysis of approximately 140 hospitals across the UK found that 42% of those admitted to hospital with migraine were under 17 years of age and under 1 year of age, compared with 30% of previous waves (Isaric / Co-CIN study data) / SΑGE https://assets.publishing.service.gov. uk / government / uploads / system / uploads / attachment_data / file / 1046475 / S1483_CO-CIN_Child_admissions_and_severity_by_epoch.pdf). 42% refers to imports from mid-December to mid-January. As in South Africa, the United Kingdom has observed that hospitalized children need less oxygen than children affected by delta variation.

However, according to UK data, 20 children aged 2-17 have been admitted to the intensive care unit, all of whom have not been vaccinated.

Admissions for children in the UK, for example, were admitted to the short-term hospital (less than two days on average) compared to the first wave of children admitted to the hospital for one week. Furthermore, data from the NHS UK, which analyzed about 50 cases of children admitted with the corona virus, show that oxygen is rarely needed. For example, only 11% of children under 1 year of age need oxygen, compared to 20% on previous waves.

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In fact, more than half of the children stayed in the hospital to monitor their progress and did not require any treatment.

But let me mention here that the procedures for admitting someone to the hospital vary according to age and they vary for children with the flu. Therefore, when talking about increased admissions, do not forget to compare the symptoms and the duration of admission to the hospital and whether they require treatment. Currently, UK data for very young children show a mild symptom, perhaps fever and cough.

For example, let’s look at the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), a common virus that affects many infants and young children. Compared to the current admissions rate of Omigran in the UK for this age group, the virus is causing higher enrollment rates in children under 5 years of age.
The picture of mild infections in children is different in the state of New York. There, enrollment of a relatively high number of children has been recorded, especially in those under 4 years of age, compared to previous waves. (https://health.ny.gov/press/releases/2022/docs/pediatric_covid-19_hospitalization_report. pdf). The primary health report states that “the severity of the micron variance may also play a role in increasing hospitalization rates in children aged 12-17 compared to adults and children aged 12-17 years”. However, so far this analysis is only based on aggregate combinations, not how many children needed treatment, such as respiratory support.
Let me conclude with some data from the latest meta-analysis on long-term Govt syndrome (doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2021.12.020). Children, when they are sick, seem to have less long-term effects of fatigue compared to adults. Furthermore, it seems that there is no significant effect of infection on the cognitive level in sick children (as in adults).

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Finally, it is important to remember that we have evidence that vaccines are safe for pregnant and lactating mothers, and that antibodies are transmitted to infants and through breast milk.

“We will all try to protect our own people of all ages.”

Author’s post:

Homicron and young children: What we do know is that with the introduction of the micron variant many parents are worried about their children, …

Posted by Elias Mosialos On Saturday, January 15, 2022

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